• Without Citizenship: Statelessness, discrimination and repression in Kuwait 05/13/2011

    Kuwait Without Citizenship: Kuwait: Without Citizenship report coverKuwait Without Citizenship: Kuwait: Without Citizenship report coverThis report by the Open Society Justice Initiative and Refugees International looks at the bidoon in Kuwait—a large population of stateless persons in the small emirate—as well as other citizenship-related issues. The report outlines the history of the bidoon issue in Kuwait and their current situation.

  • Nationality Rights for All: A Progress Report and Global Survey on Statelessness 03/11/2009

    The world community is no longer silent about statelessness. In recent years, countries such as Bangladesh, Estonia, Mauritania, Nepal, and Sri Lanka have made significant strides to protect the rights of stateless persons. The response of the United Nations (UN) has improved. Non-governmental agencies, legal experts, affected individuals, and others are joining forces to gather more accurate information and reduce the incidence of this often overlooked global phenomenon. Media attention has increased.

  • Futures Denied: Statelessness Among Infants, Children, and Youth 10/22/2008
    Executive Summary

    Statelessness, or the lack of effective nationality, impacts the daily lives of some 11-12 million people around the world. Perhaps those who suffer most are stateless infants, children and youth. Though born and raised in their parents’ country of habitual residence, they lack formal recognition of their existence. A few key steps taken by individual countries and UN agencies can help reduce statelessness among infants and children and prevent millions of youth from growing up isolated from society. The goal of this report, which is dedicated to the promise and potential of all children, is increased recognition of every child’s right to a nationality and the actions that can be taken to give them a brighter future.
  • About Being Without: Stories of Stateless in Kuwait 10/11/2007


    In July Refugees International visited Kuwait to look into the plight of 90,000-130,000 bidun, Arabic for “without” and short for bidun jinsiya (without citizenship). Over the years, the bidun have been called by various names. Early on they were benignly called “awlaad al-badiya,” (children of the desert). At present, they are officially — and more ominously — designated as illegal residents.

  • Citizens of Nowhere: The Stateless Biharis of Bangladesh 02/15/2006

    The Human Cost of Statelessness

  • Buried Alive: Stateless Kurds in Syria 02/13/2006


    Syria is at a critical crossroads, faced with a timely opportunity to maintain stability and security in the country by realizing the nationality and its concomitant rights of all residents. In particular, an estimated 300,000 stateless Kurds live within the country’s borders, but are in a unique situation in relation to the larger Kurdish population due to a 1962 census that led to their denationalization.

  • Lives on Hold: The Human Cost of Statelessness 02/14/2005

    Executive Summary